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History of Travel and Tourism

2000 years Before Christ, in India and Mesopotamia

Travel for trade has been a vital part since the beginning of civilization. Lothal harbor was an important trading center between Indus valley civilization and Sumerian civilization.

600 BC and afterwards

The earliest forms of leisure tourism can be traced back to the Babylonian and Egyptian empires. A museum of historic antiques open to the Babylonian public. Many religious festivals were held in Egypt that attracted devotees and a large number of people came to the cities to see famous works of art and buildings.

In India, as elsewhere, kings traveled for the construction of the empire. The Brahmins and the common people travel for religious purposes. Thousands of Brahmins and the common people who slaughter Sarnath and Sravasti greet the unmistakable smile of the Enlightened One — the Buddha.

500 BC, Greek civilization

Greek tourists traveled to the sites of the gods' healing. The Greeks also enjoyed their religious festivals which were more in pursuit of pleasure, and especially, sport. Athens has become an important destination for travelers visiting major sights such as the Parthenon. Hotels in major cities and ports are set up to provide for travelers & # 39; needs. Courtesans are the main entertainment offering.

This period also saw the birth of travel writing. Herodotus is the world & # 39; first travel writer. The guides also made their appearance in the fourth century covering destinations such as Athens, Sparta and Troy. Advertisements in the way of signs governing people in homes are also recognized at this time.

The Roman Empire

Without the foreign borders of England and Syria, and with safe seas from pirates thanks to Roman patrols, conditions favored travel. First-class trails combined with inn visits (precursors to modern motels) promote travel growth. Romans traveling to Sicily, Greece, Rhodes, Troy and Egypt. From 300 AD travel to the Holy Land also became popular. The Romans introduced their guides (itineraria), listing hotels with symbols to determine the quality.

The second houses were built by the wealthy near Rome, which was occupied during the spring season. The most beautiful resorts are found around the Bay of Naples. Naples delights the retirees and the intellectuals, Cumae captures the beauty while Baiae captures the down-market tourist, known for being fun, intoxicated and overnight singing.

Travel and Tourism can never reach the same condition until modern times.

In the Middle Ages

Travel can be difficult and dangerous as people travel for business or for a sense of obligation and duty.

Adventists seek fame and fortune by traveling. Europeans tried to discover an Indian sea route for trade purposes and in this way discovered America and explored parts of Africa. Traveling players and minstrels make a living by making their trips. Missionaries, saints, and others traveled to spread the sacred word.

Traveling in entertainment in India was introduced by the Mughals. Mughal kings built luxurious palaces and splendid gardens in areas of natural beauty and beauty (for example Jehangir traveled to Kashmir acquired by beauty.

Traveling for the building of the empire and traveling is always a routine.

The Great Tour

From the early seventeenth century, a new form of tourism developed as a direct consequence of the Renaissance. Under the rule of Elizabeth 1, young men seeking court positions were encouraged to travel across the continent to finish their education. Later, it became customary for the lord's education to be completed in a & # 39; Grand Tour's accompanied by a teacher and lasting for three or more years. While educated, men's enjoyment traveled to enjoy life and culture in Paris, Venice or Florence. By the end of the 18th century, the custom was well organized. Slow travel travel shifts education travel. The advent of the Napoleonic wars prevented travel for about 30 years and led to a decline in the custom of the Grand Tour.

The development of spas

Spas grew in popularity in 17th-century Britain and a little later in the European Continent as knowledge of the therapeutic properties of mineral water increased. Taking the medication at the spa quickly captures the nature of a status symbol. Changes in behavior change as enjoyment becomes the motivation for visits. They have become an important center of social life for high society.

In the nineteenth century they gradually replaced the seaside resort.

Sun, sand and sea resorts

Sea water is associated with health benefits. Previous guests drank it and did not bathe inside. In the early eighteenth century, small fishing resorts emerged in England for guests to drink and immerse themselves in sea water. With the increase in land access, a new seaside resort is famous. The introduction of steamboat services in the 19th century introduced many circuit resorts. The seaside resort is slowly becoming a social gathering point

The role of the industrial revolution in the development of western travel

The rapid urbanization is due to industrialization which has led to the massive immigration of cities. These people are attracted to travel to escape their surroundings to places of natural beauty, often in the country they derive from the transformation of routine from a more physically and mentally stimulating work. strength in the course of the countryside.

The reasons for travel in the nineteenth century

The arrival of the railroad initially halted business travel and later leisure travel. Slowly special trains were aboard just to make the trip to their destinations.

· Package trips organized by entrepreneurs such as Thomas Cook.

European countries compete regularly in business travel to their colonies to buy raw material and sell finished goods.

Photo invention acts as a tool to boost status and promote travel abroad.

The formation of the first hotel chains; pioneered railroad companies that built famous railroad termination hotels.

Seaside resorts are starting to create different images such as day-trippers, elite, for gambling.

Other varieties of destinations – ski resorts, hill stations, mountain ranges and so on.

The Technology Development of Steamships promotes travel between North America and Europe.

The Suez canal opens direct sea routes to India and the Far East.

The book's guide cult is followed by the development of photography.

20th Century Tourism

World War I provided first-hand experience to countries and sparked curiosity about international travel among the less fortunate sector for the first time. The huge volume of migration to the US means many trips across the Atlantic. Private motoring has begun to encourage home travel in Europe and the west. The sea side has become Britain's annual family holiday destination and has increased in popularity in other western countries. Hotels are running on these destinations.

The birth of air travel and after

Wars increase interest in international travel. This interest is given in the form of mass tourism in the aviation industry. The surplus of planes and the growth of private agencies have helped to expand air travel. The airline has become comfortable, faster and more affordable for traveling abroad. With the introduction of the Boeing 707 jet in 1958, the age of air travel for the masses was reached. The beginning of these loaded flights has boosted the pack market and led to the establishment of organized mass tourism. The Boeing 747, a 400 seat aircraft, carries the highest cost of travel. The coastal resorts of the Mediterranean Sea, North Africa and the Caribbean are the first hot spots of mass tourism.

A corresponding growth in the hotel industry has led to the establishment of global chains. Tourism also began to diversify as people began to travel to alternative destinations in the 70s. Nepal and India receive a large number of tourists enticed by Hare Krishna movement and transcendental meditation. The origins of individual travel in a significant number occurred in the 80s. Air travel has also led to continued improvement in business travel especially with the exit of MNCs.